Pain in your pelvic area during pregnancy is called pelvic girdle pain. This was previously called symphysis pubis dysfunction.
Läs texten på svenska här.
Where does it usually hurt?
It is common to have pain in the following places:
- The lower back.
- The buttocks.
- The hips.
- The pubic bone.
- The back of the thighs.
- The groin.
When does it hurt?
It may hurt so much that you find it difficult to move around as usual.
Some people have pain almost all the time. Others have pain only sometimes.
It is common for it to hurt more later in the day than in the morning.
When and where should I seek medical care?
Seek medical care if you are pregnant and have pain in your back or pelvis.
You can contact a midwife (barnmorska) or a physiotherapist.
See a physiotherapist if you have pain three months after giving birth.
Call 1177 for advice
Call 1177 for help on what to do. Your call will be answered by a nurse. If needed, they can tell you where to go for treatment.
The nurses speak Swedish and English. Help is sometimes available in other languages.
Call 0046 771-11 77 00 if you are calling from a phone with a foreign number.
Get help from an interpreter
You can get help from an interpreter if you do not speak Swedish.
Let the clinic know you need an interpreter when you book your appointment.
Everyday tips to reduce pain
Here are some tips you can try:
- Alternate between standing, sitting and walking.
- Take shorter steps than usual when walking.
- Take several shorter walks instead of one long walk.
- Take a lift, if available.
- Wear comfortable shoes.
- Support the lumbar area of your back with a pillow when sitting.
- Place a pillow between your knees when lying on your side.
- Put something warm on the area that hurts, such as a heating pad.
Avoid the following:
- Pushing a heavy pram or shopping trolley.
- Sitting cross-legged.
- Lifting heavy things.
- Walking up and down stairs.
- Bending down too often.
It is a good idea to exercise your muscles
It is a good idea to exercise both your back and your abdominal muscles. These muscles can support the pelvis.
A physiotherapist can advise you.
You can get help from a midwife or physiotherapist. Here are some examples:
- You can buy or rent a pregnancy support belt.
- You can rent a so-called TENS machine. This can relieve pain using a weak electrical impulse.
- You can get acupuncture.
What causes pelvic girdle pain?
The joints in your body become more flexible when you are pregnant. This is due to hormones.
As a result of this, your pelvis may become less stable. You may then experience pain.
If you get pregnant again
Pelvic girdle pain will often come back during a new pregnancy.
If you are planning to become pregnant again, you can prepare your body by doing certain exercises. You can get advice from a physiotherapist.