If you have been in close contact with someone who has Covid-19, you must pay special attention to any symptoms you may have and see as few people as possible. If someone you live with has Covid-19, you must follow certain rules of conduct.
If you live or have lived with someone who has Covid-19
From 1 October, special rules of conduct apply to those who have shared a home with someone who has Covid-19 and is at the contagious stage.
- You must work or study from home – note that home study is required only for those who are at upper-secondary school (gymnasieskola) or university – for a period of 7 days starting on the day when the person you live with left the sample that confirmed his or her Covid-19 diagnosis. Children who are enrolled in pre-school (förskola), compulsory school (grundskola) or special upper-secondary school (gymnasiesärskola) and who have no symptoms may continue attending school and after-school care (fritidshem), but they should not take part in leisure activities such as sports practice.
- You must tell your manager that you may have been exposed to the infection.
- You must be careful about your hand hygiene.
- You must make an appointment to take a Covid‑19 self-sample (PCR) on the fifth day after the day when the person you live with left the sample that confirmed the Covid‑19 diagnosis. For example, if the person you live with left a sample on 1 October and that sample confirmed his or her Covid‑19 diagnosis, you must make an appointment for a sample to be taken on 6 October (5 days later).
- After 7 days, if you have left a sample which was negative for Covid‑19 and you still have no symptoms, you must follow the advice for other close contacts (see below). From the day when the person who has Covid‑19 is no longer contagious, you are no longer exposed to the infection, but you must continue to pay attention to any symptoms and follow the advice given below for 14 days.
If you have been in close contact with a person who has Covid‑19 but have not shared a home with that person
You need to pay special attention to any symptoms that may be signs of Covid‑19 infection. For a period of 14 days, starting on the last day when you may have been exposed to the infection, you should see as few people as possible. Even if you feel fine, this means the following:
- You should see as few people as possible and be extra careful to keep your distance (1.5–2 metres) from all those you see.
- You may go to work, school or pre-school for as long as you are completely healthy, but you should abstain from social indoor leisure activities such as indoor workouts and parties, including dinner parties.
- You should tell your manager that you may have been exposed to the infection. Work from home if you can.
- Be careful about your hand hygiene.
How is Covid‑19 transmitted?
Covid‑19 is transmitted through droplets and contact surfaces. When someone sneezes, coughs or talks, infectious droplets are formed in the air. This may infect someone standing nearby. Once the droplets have settled on surfaces or objects, the virus may then be passed on, usually via the hands. If people touch their eyes or nose without first having washed their hands, the virus may enter their body that way.
The time from being infected to (possibly) falling ill (the incubation period) varies between 2 and 14 days; the typical period is 5 days.
What symptoms are common in Covid‑19?
Symptoms commonly seen in those who have Covid‑19 include fever, runny nose, cough, breathing difficulties, sore throat, headaches, muscle aches, impaired sense of smell and taste, stomach complaints and diarrhoea. Most people have only a mild illness with light symptoms, but some people fall more ill, developing breathing difficulties that require hospitalisation.
What should I do if I fall ill?
Those past school-starting age (5/6 years or older)
If you develop symptoms, even mild ones, you should stay home and make an appointment for a Covid‑19 test. Information about how to make an appointment for a test can be found here: testing for Covid‑19 in Västmanland. While you wait for your test result, you must follow the same rules of conduct that would apply if you knew you had Covid‑19. You will receive more information when you make your appointment.
Pre-school children (up to 5/6 years)
For pre-school children who develop symptoms, the main recommendation is that they should stay home but not be tested for Covid‑19. The child should stay home for as long as he or she has symptoms and then for 48 hours without symptoms. During the entire period, the child should avoid contacts outside his or her household.
If at least 7 days have passed since the child fell ill but he or she still has mild symptoms, such as a dry cough and a slightly runny nose, he or she may return to pre-school.
What do I do if I need health care for Covid‑19 or some other condition?
If you need advice, your first option should be to call your local health centre (vårdcentral) or 1177 Vårdguiden. If your life is in danger, call 112. Remember to mention that you may have been infected with Covid‑19.
Does this apply even if I have already had Covid-19?
If you have had Covid‑19, with a positive PCR test for the virus in a sample taken from the mouth/throat/nose or a positive test for antibodies in a sample analysed at a laboratory where the sample was taken in the past 6 months, these instructions do not apply. However, you should still pay attention to any symptoms, and if you fall ill you should stay home until you are entirely well again.
By contrast, if you have taken a “quick test” – a blood test where you received the result within an hour or so – these instructions do apply, whatever your test result was. They also apply if you have an impaired immune system or if you develop so severe symptoms that you need to seek care.
Where can I find more information about Covid‑19?
You can read more about Covid‑19 here: About Covid‑19 – coronaviruses