Influenza is caused by a virus. Typical symptoms include fever, headaches and a sore throat.
Many of those who get vaccinated do not become sick at all. Those who have been vaccinated but still become infected usually do not become particularly ill.
The influenza vaccine has been around for a long time, and is used all around the world. We therefore know that the vaccine is safe.
Get vaccinated if you risk getting seriously ill
Most people are not too troubled by infection with influenza, and do not need to be vaccinated.
Some people, however, can become seriously ill – for example, if they already have another health condition. These people should therefore get vaccinated every year. The vaccination is free of charge for these people.
Get vaccinated if any of the following apply to you:
- You are aged 65 or older.
- You are more than 12 weeks pregnant.
- You have a heart disease – for example, congestive heart failure.
- You have a lung disease – for example, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or severe asthma.
- You have Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes.
- You have an illness or receive treatment that severely impairs your immune system.
- You have chronic kidney failure, which impairs the functioning of your kidneys.
- You have chronic liver failure, which impairs the functioning of your liver.
- You are very overweight.
- You have a neuromuscular disease that affects your breathing – for example, MS or Parkinson’s.
- You have multiple disabilities.
If you are unsure, ask your doctor
Do you have an illness but are unsure whether you should get vaccinated? Ask your doctor for guidance.
Get vaccinated to protect another person
If you live together with a person who has a severely impaired immune system, you should get vaccinated. By doing so, you will protect the other person from the risk of becoming ill.
How to get vaccinated
Do you risk getting seriously ill? You can get vaccinated in the following ways:
- Call your local healthcare centre (vårdcentral) to schedule an appointment. For example, if you are new to Sweden or if you do not have an e-identification or a personal identity number.
Local healthcare centres in Skåne
Don’t speak Swedish? Tell the staff ahead of time and request an interpreter. The interpreter will translate into your language during the vaccination appointment.
- Log in at 1177.se and make an appointment digitally using your healthcare centre’s online service. You must have a digital form of identification, such as BankID.
Local healthcare centres in Skåne
At certain healthcare centres, you can get vaccinated without having to make an appointment (known as a drop-in service). You won’t be able to get help from an interpreter at a drop-in appointment.
How to get vaccinated if you don't risk getting seriously ill
Do you not risk getting seriously ill? Do you want to get vaccinated to protect another person?
Then you can get vaccinated at a vaccination clinic or a pharmacy that offers the influenza vaccine.
The vaccination process
- Take a valid form of identification with you (if you have one) – for example, a driver’s licence, ID card or passport.
- Go to your healthcare centre, and complete a form with details about your general health. This form is known as a health declaration. The health declaration is only available in Swedish, but an interpreter can help you to answer the questions.
- The vaccine is given as an injection in your arm.
- You will be asked to wait for 15 minutes afterwards, so the healthcare staff can ensure that you feel well before leaving.
Get vaccinated every year
Get vaccinated against influenza every year. The protection provided by the vaccine only lasts for up to one year.
The virus that causes influenza is constantly mutating, and may be different next year. In this case, the vaccine you received the previous year may not be effective.