Healthy living

Advice about contraception

Preventinmedel - skydd mot graviditet - engelskaThe content concerns Jönköpings län
P-ring, pessar och kondom.
Vaginal ring, diaphragm and condom are different kinds of contraceptive. You can get help find a contraceptive that suits you.

How to prevent pregnancy and protect you against sexually transmitted infections (STIs)

There are various ways to prevent an unwanted pregnancy. These are usually called methods of contraception or contraceptives. Read more about different contraceptives at

Hormonal contraceptives

  • the contraceptive pill
  • vaginal ring
  • contraceptive patch
  • progestogen-only pill
  • contraceptive implant
  • contraceptive injection
  • hormonal coil

Non-hormonal contraceptives

  • coil or intrauterine device (IUD)
  • condoms
  • diaphragm
  • female condoms

Male and female condoms are the only methods that also protect against STIs. You and the person(s) you have sex with are equally responsible for protecting against pregnancy.

It can sometimes be difficult to know which method will work best for you. You can always get help and advice from a midwife or doctor. Call and make an appointment with:

Emergency contraception

There is also something called emergency contraception, which you can use if you have had unprotected vaginal sex or if a condom split during vaginal sex. There are two types of emergency contraception – an emergency contraceptive pill (the morning-after pill) and an IUD.

Please contact the women’s healtcare servicee or a youth guidance centre for more information.

How to use the emergency contraceptive pill

There are two different types of emergency contraceptive pill. One can be taken up to 72 hours (three days) after unprotected sex, and the other up to 120 hours (five days) after unprotected sex. The latter is slightly more effective than the first.

Whichever type you choose, it is a good idea to take the tablet as soon as possible after having unprotected sex. The sooner you take it, the lower the risk of becoming pregnant.

Both types can be bought without a prescription at a pharmacy. You can also get help at a youth guidance centre (ungdomsmottagning), midwife clinic (barnmorskemottagning), healthcare centre (vårdcentral) or a gynaecology clinic (gynmottagning). If you are young, you can usually get the emergency contraceptive pill free of charge at a youth guidence centre.

Using an IUD as emergency contraception

An IUD or coil can be used as emergency protection against pregnancy if you have had unprotected sex. The IUD must be fitted within five days of having had unprotected sex and can then prevent a possible pregnancy.

You can get help to have an IUD fitted by contacting a youth clinic, midwife clinic or gynaecology clinic. It is also possible to get help at a sex and relationship clinic if there is one close to where you live.

More information in English is a website for youths. Here you can read about your body, sex and health in different languages.

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